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Padova的未來校園會是如何模樣?第1張圖片

Bak Gordon Arquitectos事務所對未來校園的規劃設計競賽方案
Bak Gordon Arquitectos – Piave Futura Campus. Padova IT . 2019

由專筑網亞森君,王雪純編譯

當我們在提到Padova市最顯眼的城市建筑標志時,免不了會提到這座城市的門廊/廊道網絡,因為這些門廊所組成的連續的街道界面既定義了公共空間邊界,又促進了社區融合。

由凹形門與空曠空間所形成的一系列界面,為城市及城市環境提供了一種獨特的氛圍。在這種氛圍下,公共空間能變得更加舒適,在此活動的人們不僅會感到更加親切,還能感受到如家庭一般的溫馨。

If we were to refer to one of the most distinctive marks of the city of Padova in terms of its urban structure, it would be inevitable to account for a network of covered porticos/galeries that organize the routes and open up to define square spaces, public places of community convergence.
This network of gantry cranes and empty spaces lends the city and its urban environment a unique atmosphere in which the public space offers itself more comfortable, and where urban life gains an intimate character and an almost domestic taste.

Padova的未來校園會是如何模樣?第2張圖片

公共空間

占主導地位的各類建筑的周邊都有著空曠的空間和廣場和,從而在積極空間與消極空間之間創造了一種有趣的模糊感,這兩者無疑讓城市空間變得更為宜居。

這種設計方法也是對當地地理條件和氣候條件的回應,能夠避免Padovana平原受到嚴冬和酷暑的影響,從而使城市更加宜居。

Urban Space
The most dominant buildings are surrounded by squares and empty spaces, creating an interesting ambiguity between positive and negative, in which both contribute to the virtues of urban space.
This way of building the city is also a response to the geographical and climatic conditions of the place, protecting the urban habitability from the adverse winter conditions or the hot summers of the Padovana plain.

Padova的未來校園會是如何模樣?第3張圖片

新校區/大花園

新校區項目實施的首個條件就是需要讓Padova市與圣奧古斯丁修道院的遺址產生關聯,通過改造再利用來取代這個曾經被孤立、被遺忘的空間,讓該空間再次成為實施城市和城市發展的戰略的新門戶。

New Campus/Hortus Magnus
The first condition that the new campus project imposes on itself is to extend the city of Padova again to the site of the convent of St. Augustine, replacing an isolated and forgotten space with a place of the future that will once again become a new gateway to the city and a strategic place for urban development.

Padova的未來校園會是如何模樣?第4張圖片

因此,必須在這里建造一處具有連續的城市形態的歷史中心,重建一處新的大花園、一處能夠傳播知識的新學校,并使其成為聚合科學與居民的核心場所,在這里,居民還會感受到自然與城市的融合。

It is therefore essential to build an urbanity in this place that constitutes a morphological continuity with the historic centre, recreating a new Hortus Magnus, a new school capable of spreading knowledge, and becoming the motor of aggregation between a highly qualified scientific community and the citizens who will find a natural extension of their city here.

Padova的未來校園會是如何模樣?第5張圖片

Portico/Aqueduct(系統和基礎設施)

將諸如門廊和水渠等設計元素合為一體,使的新校區轉化為可調控的城市基礎設施系統,此種設計理念是項目的DNA。

正是這種DNA,使得其起源最終融合在城市歷史長河和各類使用功能中,而這種設計方式,確保了整體系統能夠容納任何時間和任何功能的建筑,構建了一處保障基礎設施高效運轉的領土,因而創造了一處既永恒又全新的場所。

Portico/Aqueduct (System and Infrastructure)
The idea of portico and aqueduct, merged into a single element and transformed into an urban infrastructure capable of generating a regulatory system, constitutes the DNA of the project.
It is this genetic instruction, the origin of which is gathered in the remote history of the city and its functioning, that is here manipulated to ensure a system capable of associating all times and architectures, full and empty spaces, structuring the territory and ensuring it a technical infrastructure, technological and highly effective, giving rise to a place that is both timeless and absolutely new.

Padova的未來校園會是如何模樣?第6張圖片

該系統用于確保所有校園建筑之間的連接,并提供交叉和覆蓋的生活區域,同時確保所有建筑之間的基礎設施連接體系。該種系統網絡不需要在地下運輸,從而避免影響潛在的考古遺址,并將其自身作為一種易于使用且易于維護的元素。

This system is used to ensure connections between all campus buildings, providing crossings and covered living areas, while ensuring a network of technical infrastructure connections between all volumes built. This technological and systemic network does not need to be transported underground, thus avoiding all confrontations with a potential archaeological site and offering itself as an accessible and easily maintained element.

Padova的未來校園會是如何模樣?第7張圖片

但也正是這個門廊/水渠組織,調整了空間結構的大小,劃分了不同的區域,形成了一個有明確界限但可滲透的空間矩陣。

這個系統最有趣的一個方面是它自身即可定義外部的空間和新的建筑,除此之外并不需要任何其他建筑來進行定義。

But it is also this portico/aqueduct that organizes and sizes the whole structure of the place, subdividing the different sectors, giving rise to a matrix of empty spaces with defined but absolutely permeable limits.
Perhaps one of the most interesting aspects of this system is the fact that it is possible, through its materialization, to define both the exterior covered spaces and the new buildings, without the need for any other architecture than that of its own genesis.

Padova的未來校園會是如何模樣?第8張圖片

Padova的未來校園會是如何模樣?第9張圖片

Padova的未來校園會是如何模樣?第10張圖片

Padova的未來校園會是如何模樣?第11張圖片

建筑設計:Bak Gordon Arquitectos
顧問和合伙人:Studio Muratori & Zanon, Studio Associato Tranchida, Studio Campanella Tessoni, STC Group, PROAP, Ar.glo. Engineering Group, Geoarcheologi Associati, Antonio Buggin, Federico Muratori and Luciano Ricci
合作:José Pedro Cano, Pietro Dardano, Fábio Ferreira, Maria Barreiros, Barbara Fonseca, João Aires Neves
地點:意大利,帕多瓦
客戶:Università Degli Studi di Padova
面積:29.315m2
花費:46.796.933,00€
攝影:Stefano Farina

Architecture Coordination: Bak Gordon Arquitectos
Consultants and Associates: Studio Muratori & Zanon, Studio Associato Tranchida, Studio Campanella Tessoni, STC Group, PROAP, Ar.glo. Engineering Group, Geoarcheologi Associati, Antonio Buggin, Federico Muratori and Luciano Ricci
Collaboration: José Pedro Cano, Pietro Dardano, Fábio Ferreira, Maria Barreiros, Barbara Fonseca, João Aires Neves
Site location: Padova, Italy
Client: Università Degli Studi di Padova
Areas: 29.315m2 Construction
Date: Competition 2019
Cost: 46.796.933,00€
Images: Stefano Farina

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