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智能,節能的避難小屋轉變成保加利亞Vitosha山上閃亮的燈塔
Smart, Energy-efficient Shelter Transforms into Shiny Beacon on Bulgaria's Vitosha Mountain

由專筑網YX,李韌編譯

Lusio Architects贏得了節能智能避難小屋的設計競賽,該項目位于保加利亞Vitosha山。在天氣條件惡劣的情況下,小屋創新的結構設計可以使它變成燈塔,通過燈光和聲音令其即使在濃霧中也能被輕松發現。

Lusio Architects wins competition with energy-efficient, smart shelter to be built on Bulgaria’s Vitosha Mountain later this year. The innovative structure is designed to transform into a beacon when weather conditions are bad, with lights and sound that make it extremely easy to find even in the thickest of fogs.

“隱匿”的燈塔——旅行探險者的避難小屋第1張圖片
小屋的地基與地面極少接觸,但是它堅固的結構足以承受惡劣的天氣/It was crucial that the shelter’s foundations had minimal contact with the ground and that its structure was rigid enough to withstand the harsh weather

“2050年建筑”競賽的獲獎作品由“Bring.bg”組織評選。競賽要求該項目結合建造技術、能源可持續策略,并采用零能源模塊結構,讓整座建筑滿足預制生產的需求,同時可以通過直升機進行運輸。此外,通過擴展研究,團隊解決了此類建筑的另一個關鍵問題,即對環境的破壞。這座避難小屋使用鋁涂層來反射周圍的環境,并把自身 “隱藏”起來。建筑極為輕便,設計者從航天工業與飛行傳感器中汲取靈感,滿足不同天氣狀況,同時設置有多種操作模式。

The winning entry of the ‘architecture of 2050’ organized by Bring.bg, the mountain shelter responds to the competition’s brief for a cutting-edge design in terms of building technology, energy and sustainability, requiring a zero-net energy modular structure, that can be produced in a lab and put in place by a helicopter. In addition, through extended research, the team addresses another critical problem that mountaineers regularly encounter: vandalism. The shelter uses aluminum coating to reflect its surroundings and ‘hide’ itself from unwanted visitors. Its extremely lightweight body takes its cues from the airplane industry and sensors for weather conditions and occupancy govern the shelter’s different modes.

“隱匿”的燈塔——旅行探險者的避難小屋第2張圖片
智能傳感器可以檢測到惡劣的天氣并點亮避難小屋,使游客能夠看到它/Smart sensors detect bad weather conditions and light the shelter to make it visible to tourists

當使用者走進小屋時,地板會自動啟動暖氣,如果檢測到有危害人類的行為,操作系統將立即與當地的山區服務處建立視頻連接。窗戶的位置較為低矮,這樣使用者能夠坐在溫暖的地板上,如果使用者人數較多,可以將墻上的吊床拉出用于休息。

The shelter’s floor heating is automatically activated when a person walks inside, and in case threatening human behavior is detected, a signal is immediately sent to the local mountain service and establishes a video connection. The low-positioned windows invite visitors to sit on the warm floor and in the case of a large group, integrated hammocks into the walls can be easily pulled out.

“隱匿”的燈塔——旅行探險者的避難小屋第3張圖片
覆蓋鋁涂層的高容量絕緣墻壁 /Wall with aluminum sheets coating and high- capacity insulation

建筑所需能量通過太陽能電池板和風力渦輪機產生,并存儲在高容量電池中,但僅限于緊急情況的使用。這座建筑被分成多個模塊,這些模塊將由直升機運送并在現場組裝,使建筑易于擴展和運輸。如果設計方案成功實施,另一個避難小屋將設置于南極基地,這座小屋的委托方則是保加利亞南極研究所(Bulgarian Antarctic institute)。

Energy is produced through solar panels and a wind turbine and stored into a high-capacity battery; its use is prioritized only for emergency cases and critical life support. The structure is divided into modules which will be transported by a helicopter and assembled on site, making the design easily scalable and transportable. If the prototype is successful, another one will be commissioned by the Bulgarian Antarctic institute for their base in Antarctica.

“隱匿”的燈塔——旅行探險者的避難小屋第4張圖片
避難小屋很好地融入到周邊環境中/The shelter blends perfectly with its surroundings

“隱匿”的燈塔——旅行探險者的避難小屋第5張圖片
在天氣良好的情況下,避難小屋自然融入周邊環境,形態非常低調/In good weather conditions the shelter blends with its surroundings in order not to attract negative attention.

“隱匿”的燈塔——旅行探險者的避難小屋第6張圖片
避難小屋形態變化示意圖/Shape formation diagram

“隱匿”的燈塔——旅行探險者的避難小屋第7張圖片
空間示意圖,為了獲得更大的空間容量,吊床可以從避難小屋的墻壁拉出供人休息/Capacity diagram in order to gain more space, hammocks are pulled out of the shelter’s walls

“隱匿”的燈塔——旅行探險者的避難小屋第8張圖片
吊床示意圖/Hammocks diagram

“隱匿”的燈塔——旅行探險者的避難小屋第9張圖片
交通運輸流程圖/Transportation diagram

“隱匿”的燈塔——旅行探險者的避難小屋第10張圖片
避難小屋由4個模塊組成:模塊a - 防雪走廊,模塊b - 入口,模塊c – 中間區域,模塊d - 能量存儲空間/The shelter consists of 4 modules: module a – Snow protection porch, module b – entrance, module c – middle module, module d – energy module

“隱匿”的燈塔——旅行探險者的避難小屋第11張圖片
避難小屋有3種功能模式:在惡劣的條件下,“找我”模式可以自動點亮燈光,使之可見;“救我”模式可以啟動地板采暖并連接救援服務/The shelter has 3 modes of function: ‘find me’ mode lights it and makes it visible in bad conditions; ‘rescue me’ mode starts the floor heating and connects to the rescue service

“隱匿”的燈塔——旅行探險者的避難小屋第12張圖片
能源生產圖:1.風力發電機組2.柔性光伏膜3.雨水收集器和過濾器/Energy production diagram: 1. Wind turbine 2. Flexible photo- voltaic film 3. Rain water collector and filters



出處:本文譯自www.designboom.com/,轉載請注明出處。

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